Links and texts

Blue Antelope project team

Hunterian Museum
Kate Foster
Hayden Lorimer
Merle Patchett


Research is ongoing and this list will be revised as it progresses.

• Bosscha Erdbrink, DPB (1988): Protoryx from three localities East of Marageh, NW Iran. Proc. Kon.Ned.Akad.Wetenschap. B 91, 101-159
• Broom R.1949. The extinct blue buck of South Africa. Nature: London. 164:1097-1098
• Bruggen, AC van (1959) ‘Illustrated notes on some extinct South African ungulates’, South African Journal of Science, 55, pp. 197-200, figs. 1-3.
• Buffon, G. (1778). Les époques de la Nature. Paris: L’imprimierie Royale.
Cullinan P.(1992) Robert Jacob Gordon 1743 - 1795: The man and his travels at the Cape. Struik, Winchester.
• Cuvier’s Animal Kingdom IV Mammalia. (1827) Vol 4
• Denman, E. (1957) ‘He tracked down last haunts of the South African Buck that vanished 150 years ago: Earl Denman sheds new light on a mystery of the veld’, [South African] Sunday Times, Sept 22 1957.
• Diamond J.(2005) Guns, Germs and Steel. Vintage: London
• Dolan, J. 1964 ‘Notes on Hippotragus niger roosevelti’ (Heller, 1910). – Zeischr. Saugetierkunde, 19 309-312, figs. 1-3.
• Gould SJ (1966) Four Antelopes of the Apocalypse. Chapter 21 of Dinosaur in a Haystack. Jonathan Cape: London.
• Groves, CP and Westwood, CR. (1995) ‘Skulls of the Blaaubok Hippotragus Leucophaeus’, Z. Saugetierkunde 60: 314-318.
• Husson AM and Holthuis LB (1969). On the type of Antilope leucophaea, Pallas, 1776, preserved in the collection of the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Histoire, Leiden Zoologische Medelingen 44: 147 – 57
• Husson AM and Holthuis LB. ‘The earliest figures of the Blaauwbok, Hippotragus leucophaeus (Pallas 1766) and of the Greater Kudu, Tragelaphus strepsiceros (Pallas 1766)’ in Zoologische mededelingen uitgegeven door het Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Histoire te Leiden, 49 (1975-1976) p 57-63
• Loubser, J. Brink, J. Laurens, G. (1990) ‘Paintings of the extinct Blue Antelope, H. L. in the eastern Orange Free State’, in South African Archaeological Bulletin 45: 106-111.
• Lydekker R. (Editor) The Royal Natural History. Frederick Warner and Co. London 1894.
• Beddard. Mammalia. Cambridge Natural History. 1902. Macmillan. London 1902.
• Lydekker R. Catalogue of Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) vol 111 Arteriodactyla. 1914: London
• Kolb, P. Caput Bonae Spei hodiernum. Das ist: vollstandgie Beschreibung des Africanischen Vorgeburges der Guten Hofnung, […] Nurnberg, bey Peter Conrad Monath, 1719 … (373 A12)
• Kolb, P. Naaukeurige en uitvoerige beschryving van de Kaap de Goede Hoop […] Amsterdam by Balthazar Lakeman, 1727 (534 A 1)
• Klein, RG. (1974) ‘On the taxonomic status, distribution and ecology of the Blue Antelope, Hippotragus leucophaeus (Pallas, 1766)’, Annals of the South African Museum’ 65(4): 99-115.
• Klein RG. The Extinct Blue Antelope. Dept of Anthropology, University of Chicago USA. Sagittarius. Vol. 2, No 3, 1987 (published on South African Museums website, link given below)
• Midgely GF, Hannah L, Millar D, Rutherford MC, Powrie LW. (2002) assessing the vulnerability to species richness to anthropogenic climate change in a biodiversity hotspot. Global Ecology & Biogeography (2002) 11: 445-451
• Mohr E (1967) Der Blaubock, Hippotragus leucophaeus, Pallas 1766. Eine Dokumentation. Hamburg: Verlag Paul Parey.
• Pallas, Peter Simon (1766) Miscellanea zoologica quibus novae imprimis atque obscuar animalium species describuntur et observationaibuque illustrantur, the Hague: P. van Cleef, 224
• Pennant, T (1781) Blue Antelope: Quadrupeds, p66
• Renshaw, G. (1904) ‘Natural History Essays’, ‘The Blaauwbok’. Sherratt and Hughes: London.
• Renshaw, G. 1901 ‘The Blauuwbok (Hippotragus leucophaeus). ‘The Zoologist: a monthly journal of Natural History, (4) 5 (726): 441-448, pl. 3.
• Robinson TJ et al. (1996) Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Relationships of the Extinct Blue Antelope. Naturwissenschaften 83,178-182
• Rookmaaker LC. (1989) The Zoological Exploration of Southern Africa. Rotterdam, Balkema.
• Rookmaaker, LC (1992) ‘J. N. S. Allamand’s edition (1769-1781) to the Nouvelle Edition of Buffon’s Histoire Naturelle published in Holland’, Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 61(3): 131-162.
• Rookmaaker LC. (1992) Additions and extensions to the list of specimens of the extinct blue antelope (Hippotragus leucophaeus). Annals South African Museums 102 (3), 1992, 131 -141.
• Skead, C.J. (1980). Historical mammal incidence in the Cape Province. Cape Town. The Department of Nature and Environmental Conservation of the Provincial Administration of the Cape of Good Hope.
• Smithers RHN and Skinner J (2005). The mammals of the southern African subregions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
• Le Vaillant (1796) Voyage dans l’interieur de l’Afrique’ 3 Vols. 1796.
• Verne, J. Five weeks in a balloon


Research is ongoing and this list will be revised as it progresses.

Artist's impression of the living animal
A poem by Marais about the Bluebuck
A link to a living relative, bred to be killed