Habitats: archaeological information about the Blue Antelope's prehistoric range

"The fossil data suggest that H. leucophaeus was both more widely distributed and more numerous in the past that at time of historical contact. In the earlier part of the Last Glacial, it occurred both east of Plettenberg Bay (at Klasies Rivier Mouth) and west of the Hottentots Holland Mountains (at Swartklip and perhaps also at Elandsfontein). During this time interval (roughly between 70 000 and 35 000 B.P.) H. leucophaeus may have been the only species of Hippotragus in the southern Cape (at least south of the mountains of the Cape Folded Belt). Both well-dated, earlier Last Glacial sites have provided fairly large Hippotragus samples with no hint of species mixture. At both sites, the frequency of H. leucophaeus vs. that of other taxa in the fossil assemblages is relatively high, suggesting that H. leucophaeus was a fairly common antelope." (Klein 1974)

Fossil sites have been excavated in Cape Province, South Africa at Elands Bay Cave; Sea Harvest and Hoedjes Punt; Elandsfontein; Ysterfontein; Bloembos; Duinefontein; Swartklip; Hawston Die Kelders & Byneskranskop; Boomplas; Oakhurst; Herolds Bay; Lake Pleasant; Nelson Bay; Klasies River Mouth.

Key Reference: Klein, RG. (1974) ‘On the taxonomic status, distribution and ecology of the Blue Antelope, Hippotragus leucophaeus (Pallas, 1766)’, Annals of the South African Museum’ 65(4): 99-115.